A research survey showed that 23 percent of children had bullied another youngster in 2003 compared to 35 percent in 2007.
Some factors that increase the likelihood that a child will bully others have persisted from 2003 to 2007.
For example, children are more likely to be bullies if their parents frequently feel angry with them or feel their child bothers them a lot. In addition, children with an emotional, developmental or behavioral problem and those whose mothers report less than very good mental health also are more likely to be bullies.
In fact, about one in five bullies has an emotional, developmental or behavioral problem, more than three times the rate in non-bullies, Dr. Shetgiri noted.
Other factors that seem to protect a child from becoming a bully also have persisted from 2003 to 2007.
Parents who share ideas and talk with their child, and who have met most or all of their child’s friends are less likely to have children who bully, Dr. Shetgiri said.
“Targeting interventions to decrease these persistent risk factors and increase the persistent protective factors could lead to decreased bullying,” she said.
For example, parents can increase involvement with their children by meeting their friends and by spending time talking and sharing ideas with their children, Dr. Shetgiri suggested.
“They also can find effective ways to manage any feelings of anger toward their child and can work with health care providers to make sure any emotional or behavioral concerns they have about their child, as well as their own mental health, are addressed.”
To view the abstract, go to http://www.abstracts2view.com/pas/view.php?nu=PAS11L1_965.